ES_Ch 1_Info box


Learning and attention issues are brain-based difficulties in reading, writing, math, organization, focus, listening comprehension, social skills, motor skills or a combination of these. Learning and attention issues are not the result of low intelligence, poor vision or hearing, or lack of access to quality instruction. Examples include:

  • ADHD^
  • Dyscalculia^
  • Dysgraphia^
  • Dyslexia^
  • Dyspraxia^
  • Executive function deficits^
  • Nonverbal learning disabilities^