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5. Failure to address learning and attention issues too often leads to students being incarcerated, which further disrupts their education and contributes to high dropout and recidivism rates.

Some studies indicate a third or more of incarcerated youth have learning disabilities.19 An even greater proportion may show signs of ADHD^.20 These and other data have led some advocates to estimate as many as half of incarcerated youth may have learning and attention issues.

A large-scale longitudinal study of youth with disabilities found that 55% of young adults with SLD had been involved at some point with the justice system for reasons other than a minor traffic violation.21 This compares to about 30% of all young adults.22