Ch 2_Opportunity 5_Statistics

Many states have started using kindergarten entry assessments (KEA). These tests, which are sometimes called kindergarten readiness assessments, are administered to students who are entering kindergarten.

The purpose of these assessments is to help identify particular skills with which a student may be struggling, such as numeracy or literacy skills. These assessments are an important first step to identify potential challenges for students but should be followed by appropriate and effective intervention for students who are struggling.

More research is needed to assess the impact of KEAs. According to a survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. public schools collected in 2010–2011, nearly all (93%) schools that administered KEAs reported using them to individualize instruction, two-thirds (65%) reported using them to identify students needing additional testing for learning issues and one-fourth (24%) used them to advise parents to delay kindergarten entry.33