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Pre-K to Grade 2

Pre-kindergarten through the second grade is a crucial time for parents and educators to recognize early warning signs of learning disabilities (LD). Features of LD may be hard to spot during this time, however, as children can mask their struggles by playing up strengths and hiding weaknesses. For more free early learning resources, please visit NCLD's Get Ready to Read! website.

Early Childhood Education - Disabilities in Children

A Closer Look at Early School Transition

Finding a Preschool - Transition to SchoolEveryone is talking about "school readiness" these days. The mere sound of the phrase suggests that there is a solid foundation of research and professional knowledge to ensure that all children, those with and without special needs, can transition successfully from early care and preschool to kindergarten and the early grades. But the truth of the matter is that we are heading in the right direction, and some wonderful research efforts are underway to help define the essential ingredients of early transition.

A Parent’s Guide to Progress Monitoring at Home

special-needs-stories-mother-and-son-looking-at-computerWith increasing frequency, schools across the country are using a Response-to-Intervention (RTI) or multi-tiered system of instructional support. These instructional approaches rely on the use of progress monitoring tools to determine whether children are making adequate progress. Progress monitoring allows us to determine much sooner which children are at risk for not meeting grade-level targets, allows us to determine whether children receiving intervention support are making adequate progress, and allows us to more closely match the instructional support to the needs of the individual child based on his response.

Advocating for Your Pre-School Child

Child Advocacy - Learning Pre School Being an advocate means knowing how to ensure that your child gets the help he or she needs to be successful. For children who experience learning difficulties, it’s never too early to start looking for ways to help them succeed in learning. Even before formal schooling starts, there are things you can do to make sure your child gets help early, so that learning can be a fun and productive experience.

Choosing a Preschool: Simple Tips for Parents

Finding a Preschool - Disabilities SchoolParents across the country, you can relax. Contrary to what you might have heard, choosing the right preschool for your child is not as difficult as applying for an advanced degree. The key to choosing the right preschool is going into the process prepared. Prepared? Yes, prepared with a solid idea of what you want your child to gain from his or her preschool experience. This month's feature offers helpful suggestions for choosing a preschool that is a good match for your child and your family, as well as information on some of the most popular types of preschool educational philosophies. In addition, you'll find links to checklists that you can use when visiting and comparing preschool settings in your area.

Common Warning Signs of Dysgraphia in Children Pre-K to Grade 2

Dysgraphia Warning SignsDoes your young child struggle with drawing and writing when other children of the same age don’t seem to have the same difficulty? Does your child often get fatigued because the physical process of writing is so arduous? Dysgraphia is a learning disability (LD) that affects writing, which requires a complex set of motor and information-processing skills.

Common Warning Signs of Dyspraxia in Children Pre-K to Grade 2

Dyspraxia Warning Signs in ChildrenDoes your young child have poor motor skills, even when doing something as simple as brushing teeth? Does it seem like your child knows what words to use but can’t get the right “mouth muscles” to cooperate when speaking? Does your child tend to bump into things or people or have a weak hand grip when grabbing objects? Dyspraxia is a disorder that affects motor skill development, strength and coordination—and may be the reason behind your child’s difficulties. While dyspraxia is not a learning disability (LD), many children with LD also show signs of dyspraxia.

Dyscalculia: The Importance of Mathematics in the LD Equation

Research about Mathematics - Math Learning DisabilitiesWhen children who struggle with learning are the topic of conversation, the spotlight is most often turned to reading. And with good reason. Trouble with reading is by far the most prevalent characteristic of specific learning disabilities (LD). That said, math is not far behind, and it is not unusual for individuals with LD to have trouble in both of these areas of learning and performance.

Glossary of Early Learning and Literacy Terms

Reading in Kindergarten - Literacy Terms

Alphabetic Principle

The idea that all letters have corresponding sounds and that letters and sounds can be put together to build words.


Balanced Approach

A way of teaching reading that features different kinds of instruction. It usually means a combination of phonics and whole language instruction. Using this approach, children learn to read through daily exposure to literature as well as instruction on the basic how-to skills of reading and writing.

Helping Your Child Learn to Read: Preschool to Grade 3

How to Read with Your Child - Child Learn to ReadWhen children become good readers in the early grades, they are more likely to become better learners throughout their school years and beyond. Learning to read is hard work for children. Fortunately, research is now available that suggests how to give each child a good start in reading.

Helping Your Young Child Build Self-Esteem

Develop Self Esteem - Self Esteem Skills For many children, both with and without learning disabilities (LD), self-esteem is a powerful predictor of success. Social or emotional problems are not the cause but rather the consequence of academic frustration and failure. Not all students with an LD like dyslexia have problems with social competence and self-esteem, but many do. Daily struggles with the challenges posed by a learning disability can erode the enthusiasm and confidence that make learning, at all ages, fun.

How Teachers and Parents Can Help Elementary Students With Math LD

math learning disabilities - dyscalculia helpAs I explained in an earlier post, elementary schoolstudents who are at risk for mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) often have trouble with even the most basic number processing skills. The good news is that researchers are developing remedial approaches to helping these children early on, and some relatively simple strategies are available for parents to assist their children in developing and practicing fundamental math skills.

NCLD’s Learning and Literacy Screening Tools

Get Ready to Read - Early Literacy Screening ToolsGet Ready To Read! is a service of the National Center for Learning Disabilities designed to support parents, educators and young children in the development of early literacy skills. There, you’ll find two free screening schools that provide a “snapshot” of your pre-kindergarten-age child’s skills.

Preschool Services Under IDEA

Pre School IDEA - Pre School Disabilities  While the preschool years are a time of triumphs for most children and families, approximately 8% of all young children are identified as having disabilities that may prevent their reaching important milestones as expected. It was with these children and their families in mind that Congress created the Part C Infant/Toddler Program and the Preschool Special Education Program in 1986 when it reauthorized the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Quality Television Shows That Focus on Early Literacy

Reading Learning Disabilities - Reading Disabilities in Children With the winter months upon us there is a good chance you will be spending a lot more of your time indoors. For those with preschool and kindergarten-aged children, additional indoors time means finding new ways for making the most of the time you have together. Today’s educational television programming is a great option for caregivers like you who are looking for ways to spend quality time with children, or for the times when you need to give choices for what your children can watch when you step away. So, grab a cup of hot chocolate, curl up on the couch, and settle in for some special time with loveable characters, catchy songs and new learning activities to keep you and your child giggling and learning whenever the television is turned on.

Roadmap to Pre-K RTI

Response To Intervention - Pre School Learning

Applying Response to Intervention in Preschool Settings

For a variety of reasons, young children entering preschool may not have had the opportunities needed at home or in childcare to learn the language, early literacy and social-emotional regulation skills expected. Preschool Response to Intervention (RTI) promises a means of preventing these early delays from becoming learning disabilities.

Should You Be Concerned About Your Preschooler’s Reading Skills?

Children Reading - Learning ReadingAs the parent of a preschooler, you play an important role in your child's development. Preschoolers are continually gaining important knowledge and skills that will help them learn to read, write and succeed in school when they get older. It’s important that you observe your child carefully and regularly share your observations with teachers, caregivers and health care providers. Sharing information about skills and about possible concerns will avoid later frustration, if your child shows signs of struggle.

Stress in Children and Adolescents: Tips for Parents

Stress in Children - Tips for ParentsWhat Is Stress?Everyone is affected by stress and reacts to it in different ways. Stress is a way that our body responds to the demands made upon us by the environment, our relationships and our perceptions and interpretations of those demands. We all experience both “good stress” and “bad stress.” Good stress is that optimal amount of stress that results in our feeling energized and motivated to do our best work.

Summer Learning Tips for Elementary School Students

Summer Learning-Children with Learning Disabilities Have you ever stopped to think about ways to help your child get better prepared for the start of the new school year—by practicing the skills that he or she has learned during the summer months? Well, now is the time! You've already got a list of summer reading books from your child's teacher to keep the juices flowing. But what about all those other subjects your child will have to jump back into come back-to-school time—science, math, history and social studies?

Tales of Stress and ADHD: Elementary School

Stress and AD/HD - Students with LDjerryClinical neuropsychologist Dr. Jerome Schultz is the author of Nowhere to Hide: Why Kids with ADHD and LD Hate School and What We Can Do About It and is an expert on stress, learning disabilities, and ADHD. In the following three scenarios, he takes you inside the brains of a parent, an elementary school student, and a teacher as they attempt to cope with ADHD- and stress-related challenges. At the end of each scenario, he offers his expert take on the situation and follows up with tangible (and at times out-of-the-box) tips that parents and teachers can apply.